Teenage and Adult Acne Moderate Acne
Moderate acne is clogging of the sebaceous glands of the skin which lubricate the skin and hair follicle. This oil or sebum in the hair is a good place for bacteria to grow causing inflammation of the hair follicle and finally an eruption of moderate acne.
Moderate acne consists of numerous lesions, such as blackheads, whiteheads or pustules, which appear at or near the surface of the skin. Blackheads result when a pore is only partially blocked, allowing some of the trapped sebum (oil), bacteria, and dead skin cells to slowly drain to the surface. The black color is not caused by dirt but is a reactionary process of the skin's own pigment, melanin, reacting with the oxygen in the air. Whiteheads result when a pore is completely blocked, trapping sebum (oil), bacteria, and dead skin cells, causing a white appearance on the surface. Acne Papules are small, red, tender bumps with no head. Do not squeeze a papule. It will do no good, and may exacerbate scarring.
While acne pustules are similar to whiteheads, but are inflamed, and appear as a red circle with a white or yellow center.
Moderate acne progresses from mild acne when sufficient care is not taken, and needs to be handled before it escalates to severe acne. Dermatologists recommend early treatment for moderate acne because when moderate acne is not treated, it can progress to severe acne and permanent scaring can occur.